Cover image: COP28

In Focus


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Updated 7 months ago

Why this topic matters

COP is the yearly conference at which the world meets to discuss climate action. And, as carbon emissions continue to rise, every year there is mounting pressure for the international community to act urgently.

COP28 is no different, with the urgent need for countries to provide climate finance for developing states and to be held accountable for failing to meet emissions reduction targets. Given this COP’s location in the UAE there will be particular attention on the continued support of oil extraction.

With more than 130 companies, including Nestleand Unilever, urging political leaders to agree a timeline for phasing out fossil fuels it is clear societal support for climate action is building. 

Young people feel that, as they are the ones who are going to have to live with the reality of climate change, their views should have more of an influence. In this light, COP conferences are always an important opportunity to engage with young people on our rights and responsibilities around climate change - how it makes them feel and what we can do as individuals.

Connections to the curriculum

  • English (writing): write a letter to your country’s representative for COP28 to explain your hopes and fears for the future, and what actions you would like to see come from COP28.
  • English (speaking) and Drama: Enact COP28, using the InterClimate Network’s Classroom conference resources.
  • Geography: Explore ways in which communities around the world are adapting to climate change.
  • Design & Technology: Research some of the emerging technological solutions to climate change, or design your own solutions.
  • Religious Studies: Explore teachings from different belief systems about human responsibilities in looking after the Earth, for example the Pope’s Laudato Si.

How to approach it

Focus on personal, practical actions:
The actions being discussed by world leaders at COP28 can feel removed from our everyday lives, and it can be difficult and frustrating to see people in positions of power making decisions that we don’t agree with, or not acting with as much urgency as we might hope. It is important to remind learners of the actions they too can take to make a difference. InterClimate Network’s Climate Action Survey found that over half of young people (55%) are acting at home with the support of their families, but fewer young people are acting on climate change in school (21%).  The survey found that young people believe individuals have a role to play in mitigating climate change - many in their comments strongly advocate that we all, from large businesses to every individual, have a part to play, and joined-up actions are needed to make a real difference. By focusing on behaviours and choices within their own control, you can give them a sense of agency and empowerment, and remind them that we all have a part to play.

Inspire hope whilst managing expectations:
COPs take place almost every year, and every COP comes with the tag of being “the most important COP ever”. However, it is inevitable that not all wishes will be granted by leaders in a single fortnight. Many climate campaigners have experienced disappointment or frustration following previous COPs, because their expectations and hopes were not met, and they felt that the issues were not taken seriously enough, or acted on with enough immediacy. This was the case at COP26 where despite improvements in commitments there were last minute backtracks on the phase out of coal. Despite this it’s important (for all of us!) that we showcase work already being led by cities, towns, communities, businesses and individuals that is driving the speed of change to maintain hope and action.

Draw attention to underrepresented voices:
Climate change is already impacting many people around the world, as well as other animals and lifeforms on our planet. Bring a global perspective into your classroom by sharing diverse perspectives on climate action from people around the world, and from environments and locations where climate change is happening. Invite students to consider who might not be present at COP28 and why. Encourage them to research the experiences of citizens around the world and share those stories in your classroom. Holding a model climate conference uses role play so that young people must take on different perspectives, often contra to their own views. This allows students to engage with and interpret for themselves the big themes that they will see being discussed at COP28 itself.

Take climate action as a school:
The Climate Action Survey shows that schools are the foremost source of trusted climate change information for their students and frequently provide the most inspiration, with teachers being cited as role models. As well as integrating COP28 and climate change into your curriculum, InterClimate Network recommends several key areas which you can focus on including energy, food and food waste, travel and transport, and purchasing. Campaigns such as Let’s Go Zero are a great way to begin taking action as a whole school.

How have you been reacting to this topic in your classroom?

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