This Goal incorporates various different targets which aim to reduce inequality, such as: actions to sustain income growth for the poorest people; action to promote inclusion and reduce discrimination; improved regulation of global financial markets; and reducing the cost for migrants to send money home. Read more on the UN SDGs website…
You could use the film clip below to start off a lesson about global inequality. It has been produced by The Rules – a global movement which wants to “change the rules that create inequality and poverty around the world”.
The issue of equality and inequality covers a range of development issues, such as the inequality between countries and within countries; the inequalities between disabled and abled people, between men and women, etc. Many young people take fairness and inequality very seriously and want to see a more just and equal world. Teaching about this issue can help pupils understand some of the causes of inequality and help them begin to tackle the difficult world of stereotypes and generalisations, which contribute to misunderstandings.
Here are some teaching ideas for exploring this Goal through different subjects:
English / Mother tongue: There is lots of powerful literature on the theme of inequality that can help students empathise with people’s situations. This could be used to inform and inspire some persuasive writing, where students write to a politician, company or other relevant organisation and express their views on why a particular inequality is bad and the situation should be changed.
Maths: You could do a lesson on ratios using some inequality statistics; for example: the number of disabled people in work compared to able people, or the number of women in senior positions or sitting on boards compared to men.
Geography: You could do a local study in your country that examines the differences in people’s living standards. You might want to use census data or government statistics to highlight how quality of life is not the same for everyone.
History: When studying inequalities and movements to redress these from history, such as the American civil rights movement or the Suffragettes in the UK, can you draw comparisons with situations around the world today?
Education Can Transform the World – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Social Studies, Citizenship, Geography, Language development
The World Is Not Equal. Is That Fair? – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Citizenship, Social Studies.
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Click on the images below to explore the other Global Goals: