Peace, justice and strong institutions

Goal 16: Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

SDG 16 Peace, justice and strong institutions

This Goal incorporates a range of targets which aim to: significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death; end all forms of abuse and exploitation of children; significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows; reduce corruption and bribery; develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions; and provide legal identity for all including birth registration. Read more on the UN SDGs website…

See lesson plans, posters and other resources on the World’s Largest Lesson website

Did you know that 21 September every year is designated by the United Nations as International Day of Peace? The ultimate aim is for all nations to observe a day of global ceasefire and non violence on that day. The organisation Peace One Day has been campaigning for this since 1999, as the following film explains. You could use the film to start off a lesson exploring issues around peace and non violence.

Here are some teaching ideas for exploring the various aspects of this Goal through different subjects:

English / Mother tongue: You could explore political cartoons that highlight corruption with your students (try a search for ‘corruption’ on the British Cartoon Archive or explore the Cartoons Against Corruption website). When they choose a cartoon, they can ask what message is the cartoonist trying to convey? How effective is it? What other questions does the cartoon prompt?

Maths: Watch this video from Plan International: Count Every Child: Get in the picture (2:30)  as an introduction to why population statistics are necessary. Then explore some population numbers with your students. For example, if x children are born in a year, how many school places will they need to have in five years’ time, assuming x number of students per school? Or, if x children are born, how many doctors’ surgeries will be needed, assuming x number of patients per doctor? You can find real data to use by looking at census data, government statistics sites or the UN Development Index. Afterwards ask students what is the value of recording births, deaths and other population data?

Geography: You could use the arms trade as an example of international trade. Where are arms produced and by whom? Who are they being sold to?  What about the illicit trade in arms, why is this so dangerous? Students could do a mapping exercise with connecting lines or arrows to show which countries dominate the trade. (Information can be found on sites such as Wikipedia and Amnesty International.)

History: Students could investigate changing attitudes to child labour over the centuries and campaigns to bring about change in this area.  They could also explore the wider impacts on society of reforms in this area, for example, on education, women’s rights and health care. There are modern day comparisons that can be made, as many children around the world are still forced to work.

Teaching resources

Lesson plans:

The Power of Peace – 60 mins, ages 8 to 11. Suitable for Social Studies, Citizenship, PSHE.
Understanding Community Violence – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Citizenship

Browse through further resources that can help you teach about peace, conflict & security

Browse through further resources that can help you teach about social justice

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Global goals

Click on the images below to explore the other Global Goals: