This Goal incorporates a range of targets that aim to: prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution; protect, conserve and restore marine and coastal ecosystems; minimize ocean acidification; end overfishing and destructive fishing practices, and restore fish stocks; and support the sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism. Read more on the UN SDGs website…
You could use the following film clip to start off a lesson exploring this Goal. It is an excerpt from a longer documentary film called Planet Ocean – this clip looks at illegal fishing. You can find further extracts from the film in the Planet Ocean playlist on YouTube.
Here are some teaching ideas for exploring this Goal through different subjects:
English / Mother tongue: Students could compare writing from different sources on fishing – for example from environmental campaign groups, from governments and from fishermen. This will help them develop critical thinking skills, explore arguments from different perspectives, develop an appreciation for how arguments are conveyed and understand some of the ways information can be manipulated.
Maths: Students could explore the numbers behind the BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill – how much oil was spilt, how many marine animals were affected, what did it cost BP? etc, then learn creative ways to present them, perhaps using free infographic software and websites.
Geography: Students could explore a case study that demonstrates the impact on oceans of unsustainable practices, for example tourism on the Great Barrier Reef or the over-fishing of cod in the Atlantic. What were the causes and the effects? They could then investigate and compare more sustainable practices.
Science: Students could investigate ocean acidification and its impact on marine ecosystems.
Clean Water for All – 60 mins, ages 8 to 14. Suitable for Geography, Science, Social Studies.
Protect Life Below Water – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Geography, Science. (NB: very large file, may take a while to download.)
Read through our feature article on Coral Reefs.
Get the posterDownload
Click on the images below to explore the other Global Goals: