Affordable and clean energy

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

SDG 07 Affordable and clean energy

By 2030, this Goal aims to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy; to substantially increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix; and to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency. Read more on the UN SDGs website…

See lesson plans, posters and other resources on the World’s Largest Lesson website

You could use this 7-minute film clip of a TED Talk to start a lesson about renewable energy. In the Masai community where 13-year-old Richard Turere lives, cattle are all-important. But lion attacks were growing more frequent. In this short, inspiring talk, the young inventor shares the solar-powered solution he designed to safely scare the lions away.

Here are some teaching ideas for exploring this Goal through different subjects:

English / Mother tongue: Draft campaign materials (such as letters or petitions) for drawing governments’ and decision-makers’ attention to the need for more investment in renewable energies.

Maths: Use geometry to calculate the angles that solar panels need to be positioned to catch maximum sunlight when the sun is at different positions in the sky (ie, at different times of day).

Geography: Study climate and topographical characteristics of different countries and regions and see which types of renewable energy generators fit best in different areas (for example, solar in hot sunny areas, thermodynamic in volcanic areas, etc).

History: Choose one source of renewable energy and study its discovery and development over time. Create a poster charting this ‘story’, and add idea for how development could continue in the future.

Science: Create working models of renewable energy generators, for example using instructions from Practical Action on how to make a wind turbine.

Teaching resources

Lesson plans:

Understanding Sustainable Living – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Social Studies, Geography, Science.
An Energy Project for the Global Goals – 60 mins, ages 8 to 11, kicking off a six-month project. Suitable for Geography, Maths.
Energy and the Global Goals for Sustainable Development – 60 mins, ages 8 to 11. Suitable for Geography, Science.
The Impact of Pollution on Our Planet and Our Lives – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Geography, Science, Language comprehension.
The World Is Not Equal. Is That Fair? – 60 mins, ages 11 to 14. Suitable for Citizenship, Social Studies.

Read our feature article on Sustainable Energy.

Browse through further resources that can help you teach about energy

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Global goals

Click on the images below to explore the other Global Goals: