The Sand Diggers of Mali: The impacts of a rapidly growing city

KS4: ages 14-16Website

This module is based on an expedition undertaken by journalist Jane Labous. It focuses on the impacts of urbanisation and migration happening across Mali, West Africa. Through the case study of Bamako (a rapidly growing city), students will learn about the challenges associated with sand digging for concrete production. The module contains resources (including photos and audio) for data analysis.

This article could be used in the teaching of urbanisation, forced migration and rapid economic development in the developing world.


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